Any underwater structure has unique characteristics that make it last in such an environment. Some of these characteristics are not necessary in the case of establishments put up on land, as the conditions surrounding the two environments are completely different. So, what contributes to the uniqueness of underwater structures?
The experts at uccdive.com share their insights:
Heat loss and gain are some of the things that insulation on structures under water helps guard against. But this is not all. Such structures are also prone to condensation on overhead surfaces and on interior walls. Insulation will, therefore, be instrumental in guarding against this too.
Materials used in the construction of under waters structures are capable of resisting the stress cycle brought about by the pressure from the environment around. These materials are also sound proof, have an appropriate thickness to prevent sinking, have a pressure hull design and are durable. Aluminum, steel, and titanium are some of the commonly used materials.
Protective and corrosion resistant coatings
Corrosion is perhaps one of the most common outcomes when metallic material are left under water for a long time and that is why any structures under water should be protected from this. This is not the only concern. Bacteria and moss can also damage such structures easily. The main cause of corrosion is the salty nature of waters covering underwater structures and a coat of epoxies, inorganic zinc, and oil-base paint will be effective in alleviating the threat of rust. Antifouling paints guard against bacteria and moss. All this aids in reducing maintenance cost.
Underwater structures can be expensive to maintain in terms of servicing if proper measures are not put in place to guard against possible damage. This needs to be factored in at the initial stages of underwater construction for maintenance costs to be minimized in the long run.