Asian architecture has always been a part of the continent’s rich cultural identity. Some say that their architecture is a monument to their eclectic customs and traditions.
Chinese and Indian cultures are two of the major influential cultures in the Orient. The Chinese and Indian civilizations have always been stalwart figures in the East. Their long history and deep-rooted traditions have traveled as far as the South Eastern part of Asia and changed many nations and communities.
In many parts of Asia, particularly in Japan and the Korean peninsula, remnants of the illustrious Chinese past can still be seen through their infrastructure. Symmetry, for instance, is one of the main attributes of traditional Chinese architecture. From huge palaces to farmhouses, symmetry is important because it signifies balance. It gives direction and stability to anyone who lives under its roof.
Chinese gardens, on the other hand, eschew balance for asymmetry. Because they put nature in high regard, they believe that man and his activities should not hinder its flow. Asymmetrical gardens, in other words, suggest a continuing inflow of life from the environment into the household.
The Indian culture takes pride in its ancient civilizations and their way of living. Even today, the echo of their remarkable achievements reverberates through their infrastructure. As a result of socio-economic changes and geographical conditions, Indian architecture has evolved through the centuries.
Indian architecture, for some, is a bit complex to study. Architects use various methods such as 3D laser scanning service and miniature modeling to learn more about it. What they’ve found out is indicative of India’s long colonial history—each change corresponds to a period of time. Rock-cut structures like the Rathas of Mahabalipuram are significant to pre-colonial Buddhist monks who use them for pray and residential purposes. Colonial structures, on the other hand, draw inspiration from architectural ideas from the West. The Madras High Court in Chennai is an epitome of a colonial structure.
Future of Asian Architecture
In this day and age, modern Asian culture has become a marriage of the East and the West. Architects employ Western techniques like 3D scanning and scale modelling using Eastern inspiration to come up with innovative designs. Take the Beijing National Stadium for example. From the study of Chinese ceramics and Swiss design, the architects have come up with the memorable Bird’s Nest design in time for the 2008 Olympics.
Innovative methods like using 3D scanning software and eco-friendly policies are changing the Asian architectural landscape. Soon, generations after us will remember ours for the breakthroughs in improving the art of Asian architecture.